Know the Green Card Process Flow – Explained
- Can I downgrade from EB2 to EB3 ?
It is not recommended filing the downgrade right now, one can always file it when the EB3 priority date becomes current.
You do not have to do in advance and also it is advised to contact the employers and make sure the employers are willing to downgrade.
Downgrade from EB2 to EB3, if you have an approved I-140 under EB2 and the priority dates become current for the EB3.
- Do you have to file another labor certification and i140 again ?
You are entitled to use the old approved labor certification, one received from eb2 to apply for the eb3.
As the USCIS rule says once the labor certification is approved, you have a 180 day window to file I-140 and if I-140 is filed within that window it effectively makes the labor certification good forever.
- Is there an impact on the job description?
There should be no impact when downgrading because the EB2 category requires an advanced degree or five years of experience, whereas the EB3 category requires less than five years of experience or only a bachelor’s degree.
- Is Premium Processing recommended ?
Based on the recent history, normal processing of the I-140 would be fine, as original labor certification might have been approved a long time ago, so the immigration service might oversee and deny the premium processing and return the entire applications.
As always, once you receive the receipt notice of the I-140, one can convert to Premium processing.
- How much additional Cost ?
As far as Cost, the filing fee for I-140 is the only additional bit for employers and no other additional fees to go through.
- How fast one should process?
The priority dates often retrogress, so it’s best to act fast. You can use approved I-140 of the EB-2, with I-140 downgrade application along the I-485 application at the same time, even though the I-140 for EB3 is not approved.
- What happens if the adjustment is made and the category fills up again, causing the retrogression? Is the I-485 processing halted as a result of this?
If this occurs, the I-135 and I-765 should be processed, allowing the beneficiary to obtain a work authorization card (EAD) and a travel document.